Hoy, alrededor de la 1.08 pm tembló.
¿No se dio cuenta?
Talvez no viva aquí o talvez estuviera caminando o talvez no puede sentir nada.
Bueno, sea como sea, hoy tembló durante 25 segundos.
Yo no pude ver a nadie corriendo despavorido. Debe ser gracioso ver a la gente que pierde el control como si no viviéramos en “el valle de las hamacas”. Se debió al movimiento de las placas de Cocos y Caribe. Imaginese dar esa razón con un tono burlón y pícaro.
Lo que me motivó a escribir esta entrada es haber encontrado en mi buzón de correo una presentación de powerpoint (lo raro es que me haya decidido a verla, siempre las borro). En esta, que ya había recibido antes, el señor Doug Copp nos habla del “triángulo de la vida” con el que uno de verdad puede salvarse en los terremotos. Entonces san google me hizo el favor de darme más detalles acerca de este señor que desafía todo lo que hasta ahora conocemos.
En EE.UU., parece ser que está siendo investigado por el Departamento de Justicia por fraude.
El tal Copp dice que uno no se debe proteger bajo cosas pesadas porque estas mismas lo van a aplastar a uno y que uno debe ponerse a la par para quedar -en posición fetal- dentro del triángulo de la vida.
Encontré quien lo refuta. El link de donde venía ya no sirve, así que es igualmente poco confiable ¿Qué cosa en internet lo es? Pero bueno, al menos con eso hemos crecido.
Qué infeliz el viejo ese. ¿Y si alguien le hace caso a su estúpido triángulo? ¡Nadie lo va a poder demandar porque todos van a estar muertos!
Bueno, aquí está:
Personally, I have also benefited from those who preceded me in doing earthquake education in California since the Field Act was passed in 1933. What the claims made by Mr. Copp of ARTI, Inc., does not seem to distinguish is that the recommendation to “drop, cover, and hold on!” is a U.S.-based recommendation based on U.S. Building Codes and construction standards. Much research in the United States has confirmed that “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!” has saved lives in the United States.
Engineering researchers have demonstrated that very few buildings collapse or “pancake” in the U.S. as they might do in other countries. Using a web site to show one picture of one U.S. building that had a partial collapse after a major quake in an area with thousands of buildings that did not collapse during the same quake is inappropriate and misleading.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which collects data on injuries and deaths from all reportable causes in the U.S., as well as data from three University-based studies performed after the Loma Prieta (September, 1989) and Northridge (January, 1994) earthquakes in California, the following data are indicated:
Loma Prieta: 63 deaths, approximately 3,700 people were injured. Most injuries happened as a result of the collapse of the Cypress Street section of I-880 in Oakland.
Northridge: 57 deaths, 1,500 serious injuries. Most injuries were from falls caused by people trying to get out of their homes, or serious cuts and broken bones when people ran, barefooted, over broken glass (the earthquake happened in the early morning on a federal holiday when many people were still in bed.)
There were millions of people in each of these earthquake-affected areas, and of those millions, many of them reported to have “dropped, covered, and held on” during the shaking of the earthquake. Therefore, we contend that “Drop, Cover, and Hold On” indeed SAVED lives, not killed people.
Because the research continues to demonstrate that, in the U.S., “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!” works, the American Red Cross remains behind that recommendation. It is the simplest, reliable, and easiest method to teach people, including children.
The American Red Cross has not recommended to use a doorway for earthquake protection for more than a decade. The problem is that many doorways are not built into the structural integrity of a building, and may not offer protection. Also, simply put, doorways are not suitable for more than one person at a time.
The Red Cross, remaining consistent with the information published in “Talking About Disaster: Guide for Standard Messages,” (visit http://www.disastereducation.org/guide.html ) states that if you are in bed when an earthquake happens, to remain there. Rolling out of bed may lead to being injured by debris on the floor next to the bed. If you have done a good job of earthquake mitigation (that is, removing pictures or mirrors that could fall on a bed; anchoring tall bedroom furniture to wall studs, and the like), then you are safer to stay in bed rather than roll out of it during the shaking of an earthquake.
Also, the Red Cross strongly advises not try to move (that is, escape) during the shaking of an earthquake. The more and the longer distance that someone tries to move, the more likely they are to become injured by falling or flying debris, or by tripping, falling, or getting cut by damaged floors, walls, and items in the path of escape. Identifying potential “void areas” and planning on using them for earthquake protection is more difficult to teach, and hard to remember for people who are not educated in earthquake engineering principles.
The Red Cross is not saying that identifying potential voids is wrong or inappropriate. What we are saying is that “Drop, Cover, and Hold On!” is NOT wrong — in the United States. The American Red Cross, being a U.S.-based organization, does not extend its recommendations to apply in other countries. What works here may not work elsewhere, so there is no dispute that the “void identification method” or the “Triangle of Life” may indeed be the best thing to teach in other countries where the risk of building collapse, even in moderate earthquakes, is great.
Rocky Lopes, PhD
Manager, Community Disaster Education Preparedness Department
American Red Cross National Headquarters
Así que no sabemos que pueda servir para El Salvador. Yo, para mientras me voy a quedar abajo de una ventana sin vidrios para que, si la pared se cae, yo quede como protagonista de película muda.